What Are Computer Science Jobs? What Can I Do With a CS Degree?

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What are Computer Science jobs? 10 career paths that you can take with a Computer Science degree.


Are you considering a career in computers but lost in a maze of techno-babble? UX/UI? Algorithms? Back-end? Front-end? Data Science? Are you asking yourself the question: What are computer science jobs exactly?


Well, here is what you may be looking for: A comprehensive list of 10 challenging, rewarding, and lucrative career paths that you can achieve upon completion of a computer science degree.



10 Career Paths in Computer Science


1. Front-end web developer


A front-end developer is responsible for the user experience and interactivity of a website. The front-end, also known as the graphical interface, includes everything that users see and click: the buttons, images, layout, content, navigation, and links.


If you want to be a front-end developer, you will need to learn HTML, CSS, JavaScript (JQuery), and JavaScript Frameworks. Front-end development would suit you if you have an analytical mind, enjoy coding, and can communicate well. The average front-end developer salary in the USA according to Payscale is $69,000, the average front-end developer salary in Japan is $45,000, and according to Indeed, $55,301 in the UK.



2. Back-end Web Developer


A back-end developer, on the other hand, differs from a front-end developer as they are involved with the code and behind-the-scenes technology that makes the front-end user interface work. Back-end developers are concerned with algorithms, architecture, databases, testing, and debugging. Core back-end developer skills include Ruby on Rails, Python, SQL, PHP, Java, and .Net.


The average back-end developer salary in the USA is $68,000 according to Payscale and the average back-end developer salary in Japan is $42,000.


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand for web developers is expected to grow by 15% to 26% internationally as a result of the expansion of e-commerce.



Source: Unsplash



3. UX/UI Designer


UI designers are responsible for making the site engaging and attractive while UX designers are responsible for increasing user satisfaction by improving accessibility, usability, and human-computer interaction.


According to data from, the average User Experience Designer earns $96,721 in the USA and according to CWJobs, $71,400 in the UK.



4. Web Designer


A web designer is responsible for the visual design of a website; the page layout, colours, buttons, images, and typography. A web designer needs to know HTML, CSS, UX/UI, design software, and SEO. A web designer is a great option for you if you are interested in graphic design and visual communication. It gives you the opportunity to use your design skills in the digital world as well as print-based communication.


In the USA, the average salary of a web designer is $64,000 according to Glassdoor, but in the UK, only $32,000. If you want to get started in the industry, a smart way to do it is to gain web design skills, build up some web design experience, and then study for your BA or Associate degree in Computer Science online while you keep your day job. This will give you a great headstart over competing candidates when looking for your first front-end developer job, in which you will earn a significantly higher salary.



Source: Unsplash



5. Data Scientist


A data scientist is responsible for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting a large quantity of data in order to help businesses make better strategic decisions. If you enjoy number crunching and excel at mathematics and statistics, data science could be your career.


According to Forbes, IBM have predicted that by 2020, the number of jobs for all US data professionals will increase from 364,000 openings to 2,720,000. The Harvard Business Review even said that the Data Scientist is “the sexiest job of the 21st century”. The average salary of a Data Scientist in the USA according to Glassdoor is $140,000, and according to Payscale, $100,000 in Switzerland.



6. Algorithm Developer


An algorithm is a sequence of instructions or a set of rules that are followed in order to solve a problem. An algorithm developer is responsible for performing research and designing algorithms for academic and real-world applications.


According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the current median salary is $114,520. The demand for algorithm developers is due to grow by 19% between 2016 and 2026.



7. Cyber Security Specialist


Cyber security is the protection of hardware, software, and data from cyber attacks or any form of unauthorized access. A cyber security specialist is responsible for protecting information on cloud servers, computer networks, and mobile devices, plus analyzing security risks and developing systems and strategies to prevent security breaches.


According to a cyber security market report, the cyber security market has grown a whopping 3,500% over the past 13 years. It has been predicted that global spending on the cyber security market will exceed 1 trillion between 2017 and 2021. According to CWJobs, a cyber security specialist in the UK earns an average salary of $91,600 and in the USA, according to Payscale, $93,000.



8. Mobile Application Developer


A mobile application developer is a software developer specializing in mobile technology. If you want to be a mobile application developer, you will need to learn mobile user interface design (UI), cross platform, application development (iOS, Android), HTML, and CSS. A mobile application developer earns an average salary of $72,195 in the USA according to Payscale, and $58,000 in the UK according to Glassdoor.



9. Games Developer


A games developer is responsible for working with designers to create computer and mobile application games by writing code, designing characters, puzzles, interactivity, and animation. The skills that you will need include C#, Unity, 3D Max, Photoshop, and Illustrator.


The average annual salary for a games developer in the UK according to Payscale is $40,334 and $70,000 in the USA.



10. Systems Architect


A systems architect configures, designs, and performs maintenance on networking and computer systems including firewalls, servers, security hardware, software, web portals, and internet connections. In order to be a systems architect, you will need to be an analytical problem solver and be able to visualize complex ideas, have excellent communication skills, and have knowledge of UML (Unified Modelling Language).


A systems architect earns an average salary of $64,000 in the UK, $85,000 in Japan and $108,000 in the USA.



How to Get Started

Take that first step and study towards a Computer Science Associate or Bachelor’s degree in order to gain a solid foundation in technical knowledge and skills to show future employers that you are dedicated and serious. This will greatly give yourself an advantage over other candidates.


Select the field that you want to specialize in and work towards learning the skill set required for your chosen specialty.


If you need to reduce your costs and avoid debt, you can complete a Computer Science degree at an online university such as University of the People. UoPeople is the world’s first accredited tuition-free online university that is dedicated to opening access to all qualified individuals.


UoPeople charges an application fee and an assessment fee per completed course. If you cannot afford these fees, please feel free to contact us as we can provide scholarships.The goal of UoPeople is to enable global access to higher education and help qualified students overcome financial, geographic, political, and personal constraints preventing them from going into higher education.